The rapid advancements in technology, including artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics, are changing the work that we do and the way it’s done.
In fact, an article published on the CNBC website in October of 2017 cites a 2013 study conducted by Oxford University that “estimates that 47 percent of U.S. jobs could be replaced by robots and automated technology within the next two decades.”
This means that the human workforce is going to need to adapt to keep up with these changes.
In the same article, Jeff Hesse, PwC principal and U.S. people and organization co-leader, is quoted as saying, “It varies a bit by industry, but over the next five years we’re going to see the need for workers to change their skills at an accelerating pace.”
As the article goes on to point out, this doesn’t mean that employees are going to have to go back to school to get a degree. There are alternatives offered by community colleges, reputable trade schools, and even internal training and recruiting programs offered by companies looking to keep their human workforce employed.
Major universities and colleges have also noticed the need to train people for the jobs of the future and have started to offer online training programs directly to students.
Some universities and colleges have also partnered with tech startups to make massive open online courses (MOOCs) available to people who want to continue their education without paying a lot in tuition fees. Some of the most popular MOOCs include Coursera, edX, Udacity, and Udemy, just to name a few.
Will These New Educational and Training Programs Be Enough?
A report published by the Pew Research Center in May of 2017 tackled this question. The report included findings from a largescale canvassing of 8,000 experts and members of the interested public by the Pew Research Center and Elon University’s Imagining the Internet Center. The study was conducted from July 1 to August 12, 2016.
According to the report, 1,408 respondents answered the following question:
“In the next 10 years, do you think we will see the emergence of new educational and training programs that can successfully train large numbers of workers in the skills they will need to perform the jobs of the future?”
The authors of the report state, “The nonscientific canvassing found that 70% of these particular respondents said “yes” – such programs would emerge and be successful. A majority among the 30% who said “no” generally do not believe adaptation in teaching environments will be sufficient to teach new skills at the scale that is necessary to help workers keep abreast of the tech changes that will upend millions of jobs.”
Respondents were then asked to further explain their answers and to consider a few additional questions. The responses to these questions highlight some of their predictions, both optimistic and pessimistic. Some of their responses influenced my thoughts below. I encourage you to check out the report for additional information.
The Future of Education Is a Continuous Process
Education will need to evolve.
That doesn’t mean that we will need to scrap the current education system entirely, at least in the near future.
However, I believe it will need to be supplemented.
If recent trends continue, having a bachelor’s degree will continue to be important and having a master’s degree will definitely be a plus.
A study conducted by the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce highlights this trend. According to their research, there has been an increase in job opportunities in recent years for workers with at least some level of postsecondary education and training. However, the distribution of good jobs has increased the most among those workers with a bachelor’s degree or higher.
Keep in mind, the past doesn’t always predict the future, but it’s a good indicator of what will happen in the short-term.
That said, I don’t think that having a bachelor’s degree or even a master’s degree will be enough.
If the experts are correct and the skills required to fill good jobs continue to change at an accelerating pace, then workers will need to constantly retrain for the jobs of future.
As mentioned earlier, some of this training will occur through self-directed online training programs or through training provided by companies trying to keep their human workforce employed. Mentoring programs or apprenticeships that provide hands-on training will also be important.
As we are already seeing, formal certifications that require passing rigorous testing will often be required to validate the quality of training employees receive. However, as the report mentioned above points out, determining which organizations to trust with this testing will be an issue.
This might be an area where universities again step in, as some already offer certificate programs or give students college credit for passing exams without requiring formal classroom attendance.
But, then again, who knows?
Right now, we are all trying to figure out the best ways to handle the challenges that we face.
In the more distant future, the education system that we know might need to be completely reimagined.
In my opinion, the best we can do is try to keep up with the changes by taking advantage of the educational resources currently available. Even experts in their field can benefit by updating their training on an ongoing basis. In the process, they might learn something new. And, at a minimum, they will be able to help validate what is and isn’t quality training.
Finding Work During the COVID-19 Pandemic (Updated July 6, 2020)
The search for a good job was already difficult, but now employees are having to deal with the challenges brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic.
This makes the need for continuous education even more important.
It may also make the competition for a job even more competitive.
As Julie Pollak, labor economist at ZipRecruiter, points out in a recent article on the Bankrate website, “You’re going to have an infux of many workers seeking new jobs. There will be highly experienced, highly trained people competing with new college graduates for the same jobs, crowding out less experienced workers and taking on lower pay itself. It’s going to be an incredibly competitive labor market.”
But, that doesn’t mean that you should give up.
“Even when there is a competitive labor market, there are some people who still strike it lucky,” Pollack is quoted as saying. “If you’re applying and monitoring every day, chances are you will get a job and a good job. This is really a time to understand that the job market is really competitive and to be the best competitor you can.”
If you are looking for work during the COVID-19 pandemic, you might want to check out the article on the Bankrate website. The article gives some good suggestions about how to approach your job search.